About The Portable Hydrogen Generator

Science News Share Blog Cite Print Email BookmarkPortable Hydrogen-generating Power System Could Lighten Soldiers Load
ScienceDaily (Mar. 31, 2008) — Researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology are developing a portable, hydrogen-generating power system to power everything from laptops to communications gear for soldiers in the battlefield.


See also:
Health & Medicine
Immune System
Diseases and Conditions
Health Policy
Matter & Energy
Alternative Fuels
Batteries
Fossil Fuels
Reference
Propellant
Combustion
Hydrocarbon
Internal combustion engine
The system transforms jet fuel into hydrogen and will relive soldiers from having to carry heavy loads of batteries. Individual soldiers carry between 20 to 40 pounds of batteries on standard four-day missions. The batteries power soldiers’ personal portable electronics, such as GPS systems and night-vision goggles.

“The military, for very good reasons, can operate all of its hardware — from tanks to naval ships — off of one single fuel, JP-8, which is similar to civilian aviation fuel,” says Jonathan Wenzel, assistant research engineer in chemical and biological engineering at Missouri S&T. “Jet fuel, like gasoline, is a mixture of hundreds of different chemicals that contain hydrogen and carbon, called hydrocarbons.”

The system works by reacting jet fuel with water to produce hydrogen. Small amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide and ethane are also released during the process.

When the power unit is in the battlefield, the need for soldiers to carry heavy, cumbersome batteries could be eliminated, as convoys already carry fuel for their vehicles. The single reliance on jet fuel provides logistical benefits, as the military wouldn’t have to stockpile batteries and distribute them on the battlefield. The quiet, odor-free process also doesn’t produce a thermal signature with its exhaust, unlike the jet fuel and diesel electric generators that are currently used in the field.

“Think about how loud and smelly the generators are that many people bought in the last ice storm,” says Wenzel, who is working under the direction of Dr. KB Lee, professor of chemical and biological engineering at Missouri S&T.

A small scalable unit could be built to produce a small amount of hydrogen or increased to provide enough energy to power an entire navy ship. In addition, the system could generate sanitary drinking water with the addition of a fuel cell.

The project is supported by the U.S. Army and DRS-TSI, which provides information technology solutions to government clients.


Adapted from materials provided by Missouri University of Science and Technology.
Need to cite this story in your essay, paper, or report? Use one of the following formats:
APA

MLA Missouri University of Science and Technology (2008, March 31). Portable Hydrogen-generating Power System Could Lighten Soldiers Load. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 11, 2008, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2008/03/080328114403.htmAds by GoogleAdvertise here


Want To Make Hydrogen?
Simple, Easy Steps For Making Hydrogen Fuel. Download Free Video!
KnowledgePublications.com/FreeVideoHydrogen Fuel Engines
Find out how Ford is making its company and vehicles more green.
FordVehicles.comGreat Hydrogen Generators
Use Supplemental Hydrogen to Improve Your Fuel Economy 20 to 35%
www.Hydrogen.Savefuel.caHonda Fuel-Cell Vehicle
Explore the FCX Clarity. Discover Honda's pollution-free energy.
www.honda.com1 rule of a flat stomach:
I cut down 24 lbs of stomach fat in 3 months by obeying this 1 old rule
Wu-YiSource.com
Related Stories


Small Fuel Processor Powers Light-Weight Soldiers' System (Apr. 18, 2001) — When 21st century soldiers suit up for the battlefield in helmets featuring image displays and laser range finders, one of their most important accessories may be a new power generator so lightweight … > read more
Military Looks To Northeastern Professor For A Future Powered By Fuel Cells (Apr. 22, 2004) — "The goal is to get off the wall," says Professor Sanjeev Mukerjee of Northeastern’s chemistry department when he talks about his work developing long-lasting, non-polluting fuel … > read more
New Power Sources Needed For Soldier Of The Future (Sep. 13, 2004) — The U.S. Army should investigate alternative power sources, such as fuel cells and small engines, to create longer-lasting, lighter, cheaper, and more reliable sources of energy for the equipment … > read more
Shoe Leather As A Renewable Resource: Penn Biologists Invent Power-Generating Backpack (Sep. 10, 2005) — If you already have a little spring in your step, a team of biologists at the University of Pennsylvania would like to put it to good use by adding a few more springs in the form of a … > read more

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License