Toms Electrolysis Page

Tom cove Fuel Cells: Construction And How It Works king

What is a fuel cell? A fuel cell is a device in which the process of electrolysis takes place. Electrolysis is when you pass a current threw water (or molten salt but we wont get into that) to make hydrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen peroxide. It can also be used to plate things in chrome. Electrolysis comes from the Greek root Lysis which means loosening. Today I will right about the construction of a cell and how it works.
To make one of these cells you need a material that will not deteriorate very easily. Your ideal choices would be platinum, or carbon. Although stainless steel or aluminum are nice too. Platinum is not a good choice unless you plan on using it for something very important i.e. car, electricity. Once you have some of these materials you should make them into slates. Two will have positive current going threw them and two will have negative current. The plates should go positive negative positive negative. Get them as close as possible without touching. Then dunk the in some sort of container filled with water diluted with some sort of electrolyte. You will see gas bubbles floating to the surface. This is a cocktail of gasses. If you use CaCl as an electrolyte you will get hydrogen, oxygen, and chlorine gas. For a good source of electricity you should use a car battery. But if you don’t plan on moving it a 9v battery (lame) or a modified cell phone charger will work.
To make a fuel cell efficient you need to do some calculations to make it work the best. To pick a good flow of electricity there is an equation that you need to do. That equation is M=EIT .
M=mass (grams)
E= electrochemical equivalent
I= current (amperes)
T=time (seconds)

Using this you will find that in 2 minutes running at about .7 amps you will get .00087 grams of hydrogen. As demonstrated by the equation below.

.0000104 * 120 * .7 = .00087

Obviously the more amps you put in the more hydrogen you get as an output. Of course you need to use common sense. For example if its in your car being powered by your battery then you need to think to yourself, at which point will this make my alternator work really hard and no longer save fuel.
Here is what happens when I mix my electrolyte with my water.

H2O + CaCl  H2O + Ca+ + Cl-

What is happening here is the water is ionizing the CaCl. The reason for this is the ionization theory “When an acid base or salt is dissolved and broken down into some positive ions called cations and an equal number of negatively charged ions called anions.

Here is the reaction that happens at the cathode

4H2O - 4E-  4OH- + 2H2 + Cl-

What happens here is 4 water molecules react with the loss of 4 electrons creating four hydroxide molecules and 1 chlorine ion.
Below is the reaction that happens at the anode.
2H2O + 4e-

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